It is basic that if you’re creating a web,it is definite that
you’ll want it to point to other web pages and resources, whether on your own site
or someone else’s.In this page we’ll look at the markup that makes links work: to
other sites, to your own site, and within a page. There is one element that makes
linking possible: the anchor
(a) .To make a selection of text a link,
simply wrap it in opening and closing
tags and use the href attribute to provide the URL of the target page. The content
of the anchor element becomes the hypertext link.
Examples of linking
Explaination of links
In the above given source code the "href" is an attribute which holds the targeted url.Through this attribute we will direct to some target.If href attribute is not present in between the "a" (anchor tag), than "a" will not be a hyperlink. Please don't leave the "href" attribute empty, because the empty "href" attribute will be considered as broken link which put negative impact on you SEO scores.
Link through image
Explaination of image linking
To make an image a link, simply put the img element in the anchor element. Sometime on some social sites or anywhere you see some logo,when you click on that they redirect you to some targeted post.Actually they are link on the back of image.They are very important and very used in html.
The href Attribute
hypertext reference attribute is used to provides the
address of the page or resource (its URL) which you want to the browser.
The given URL must be always appear in quotation marks.Most of the time
you’ll point to other HTML documents; however, you can also point to other
web resources, such as images, audio, and video files.Because there’s not
much to slapping anchor tags around some content, the real trick to linking
comes in getting the URL correct.
. Absolute URLs
Absolute URLs is used to provide the full URL for the document,
including the protocol (http://), the domain name, and the pathname
as necessary.You need to use an absolute URL when pointing to a document
out on the Web (i.e., not on your own server).
Relative URLs is used describe the pathname to a file relative to the current
document. Relative URLs can be used when you are linking to another
document on your own site (i.e., on the same server). It doesn’t require
the protocol or domain name—just the pathname.
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